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High Thyroid

What is hyperthyroidism?

high thyroid hyperthyroidism High thyroid, Hyperthyroidism

The hyperthyroidism is a result of excessive thyroid function due to high thyroid (overactive thyroid), which is manifested by a group of symptoms of high metabolism, such as tremor, weight loss but with good appetite, sweating and heat intolerance, heart palpitations, restlessness, hyperactivity, irritability, muscle weakness.

Other hyperthyroidism symptoms: diffuse-symmetrical enlarged thyroid, no thyroid pain; purpura, anemia, osteoporosis, reduced menstruation or amenorrhea/ impotence.

Hyperthyroidism causes

High thyroid (overactive thyroid) releases excessive thyroid hormone, which is the direct cause to lead to hyperthyroidism. A variety of diseases can trigger this condition. These diseases including:

  • Graves disease: the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. In addition to the above-mentioned symptoms, a graves disease may be also characterized by bulging eye (25%~50%), lower extremity edema (5%), or bone enlargement of extremity.
  • Toxic multi-nodular goiter;
  • Toxic thyroid adenoma;
  • Functioning thyroid cancer;
  • Iodine-related hyperthyroidism;
  • Genetic and gene mutation;
  • Pituitary related hyperthyroidism;
  • Pituitary gland problems: some pituitary adenomas, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) hyperplasia, TH resistance;
  • Struma ovarii: a teratoid ovarian tumor composed of thyroid tissue, may induce a hyperthyroidism;
  • Transient hyperthyroidism caused by subacute thyroiditis;
  • Hyperthyroidism during pregnancy.

Diagnosis: Hyperthyroidism diagnosis according to the blood test for elevated T3, T4 (normal sometimes), FT3, FT4; TSH tesing; TRH stimulation test; elevated thyroid I-131 uptake rate; Some antibody test; imaging studies for thyroid radioactive iodine uptake and scan, ultrasound examination, CT or MR scan.

Hyperthyroidism treatment: Hyperthyroidism treatments depend on the causative disease and its severity, patients' ages, clinical situation, and the patients' desires.

Treatments including:

  • Providing anti-thyroid drugs;
  • Radioiodine treatment;
  • Thyroid surgical resection (not applicable to all patients and your doctor will tell you the surgical contraindications);
  • Prevention and treatment of thyroid storm (thyroid crisis, a life-threatening condition - severe hyperthyroidism, in advanced stage);
  • Prevention and treatment of invasive bulging eye;
  • Treatment of hyperthyroidism during pregnancy;
  • Prevention and treatment for lower extremity edema.

Disclaimer: We provide health information about the Enlarged thyroid and Enlarged thyroid symptoms and causes. The information does not provide any decisive recommendations. Our visitors should understand the information is not intended as health guidance, as well as not as a substitute for the advice of your physician. If you have any health problems, please consult your doctor.

Article Source: Enlargedthyroid.org
Latest Updates: 2014-07-21